Mapungubwe Cultural Landscape

Landmarks / World Heritage Sites in or near Musina, Soutpansberg in Limpopo, South Africa.

Limpopo Tourist AttractionsMapungubwe Cultural Landscape

Where? Mapungubwe Cultural Landscape, Limpopo Province, South Africa

How? Call +27 (0)15 290-2010

Overnight? Accommodation in Musina, in Limpopo

Mapungubwe Cultural Landscape is situated in the extreme north of this country, where South Africa meets Botswana and Zimbabwe. However, it was once (between 900 and 1300 CE) the centre of gold and ivory trade with eastern African ports. Although once being the largest kingdom in the African sub-continent, Mapungubwe was abandoned in the 1300ís. Still, this remains a very important area thanks to the heritage left behind by generations passed.

The Mapungubwe Cultural Landscape is a massive savannah that is nestled peacefully at the confluence of the Limpopo River and the Shashe River. Today, this area is home to two palace sites and the settlements around them, virtually untouched and unharmed. These sites are fantastic to see and humbling to experience up close. They paint a picture of the northern stretches of South Africa, as well as of the political and social developments of this fascinating culture.

In addition, what is left behind in this rugged landscape is an important part of understanding climate change, as well as a testimony to how cultures change, develop and, eventually, see their demise.

Visiting this historical and cultural site in Limpopo during your time in South Africa will give you a unique glimpse into what makes this country so vibrant and diverse. Johannesburg and the OR Tambo International Airport are some four hours away, while Durban and the King Shaka International Airport are almost 10 hoursí drive from Limpopo.

Justification for Inscription:

Criterion (ii): The Mapungubwe Cultural Landscape contains evidence for an important interchange of human values that led to far-reaching cultural and social changes in Southern Africa between AD 900 and 1300.

Criterion (iii): The remains in the Mapungubwe cultural landscape are a remarkably complete testimony to the growth and subsequent decline of the Mapungubwe state which at its height was the largest kingdom in the African sub-continent.

Criterion (iv): The establishment of Mapungubwe as a powerful state trading through the East African ports with Arabia and India was a significant stage in the history of the African sub-continent.

Criterion (v): The remains in the Mapungubwe cultural landscape graphically illustrate the impact of climate change and record the growth and then decline of the kingdom of Mapungubwe as a clear record of a culture that became vulnerable to irreversible change. (Source: UNESCO)

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