Duiker {Cephalophus}

South Africa Wildlife

The Duiker {Cephalophus}

The Duiker

Duiker are small antelopes that inhabit forest or dense bushland. They are a good example of how an animal can be very successful in finding and filling a certain ecological niche. They are the most widespread of all the forest antelopes. A striking peculiarity of duiker in the genus Cephalophus is that they all have the same distinctive body type, although the different species vary in size.

Duikers have low-slung bodies on slender legs, wedge-shaped heads topped by a crest of long hair, and relatively large eyes. With their heads held close to the ground, duikers can move easily through the dense vegetation of forests and bushlands. They regularly run through these areas and when disturbed, plunge into thick cover to hide. This trait is the source of the name "duiker," which in Dutch means "diver."

Quick Facts

Scientific Name:
Blue duiker: Cephalophus monticla
Yellow-backed duiker: Cephalophus silvicultor
Bush duiker: Sylvicapra grimmia.

Size: 24 inches (bush duiker); Weight: 40 to 45 pounds (bush duiker).

Rare blue Duiker
Rare blue Duiker
Diet: Fruit, leaves, seeds and foliage. Duikers are almost exclusively browsers. diet consists of leaves, twigs, fruits, flowers and seeds of a large variety of trees and shrubs. They also dig for tubers and roots and eat unusual items such as young birds, caterpillars and lizards. They are independent of water and rarely drink even where it is freely available.

Life span: 12 years
Predators: Humans, eagles, lions and leopards amongst many others
Habitat: Forest and bush

Reproduction: Duiker mature rapidly and females are able to conceive when they are about eight months old. Gestation is 5 to 7 months.

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Duiker Facts and Photographs
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