Chacma Baboon {Papio ursinus}

South Africa Wildlife

Chacma Baboon {Papio ursinus}

Chacma Baboon
Chacma Baboon

Chacma Baboons are the largest of the baboons. Chacma baboons have dark yellowish-grey to dark brown and almost black fur. Their faces are black with white hair below the eyes and on the muzzle.

The Chacma Baboon is a large primate with a dog-like face and large, prominent canines. A mature male measures 1.5 m from head to tail and weighs up to 33 kg, whereas the more slender female measures 1.1 m and has a mass of about 15 kg.


Quick Facts


Name: Papio ursinus

Habitat: Woodland, grassland, acacia scrub and semi-desert habitats, including small hills, seaside cliffs and mountains up to 2980m, near to a freshwater source.

Distribution: Southern Africa.

Diet Description: Grass, roots, tubers, fruits, nuts, invertebrates, small birds and mammals, and crustaceans when near the coast.

Size: Body length: 58-76cm, Tail length: 58-64cm, Weight: 16-20kg.

Socialisation: Chacma baboons have variable social structures. They live in multi-male and multi-female groups or multi-female groups with one male. Chacma Baboons are diurnal and spend most of their time on the ground.

Predators: Leopards and cheetah.

Reproduction: After a gestation period of 187 days, females give birth to one infant.

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Chacma Baboon Facts and Photos
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