Bontebok {Damaliscus pygargus pygarus}

The Bontebok is only found in protected areas in South Africa

South Africa WildlifeThe Bontebok {Damaliscus pygargus pygarus}

The Bontebok was once considered to be the rarest antelope in the world but careful conservation has ensured its survival. Today the Bontebok is only found in protected areas in South Africa.

The hair is soft and has a iridescent sheen. The body color is a deep purple-red with a white blaze on the face and a white tail.

The horns are well developed in both sexes and are angular and ringed (up to 18 inches).

Quick Facts

Size

Bontebok stand 80 to 100 cm high at the shoulder.
120 to 210 cm (47 to 83 in) along the head and body.

Weight

50 to 150 kgs.

Habitat

Bontebok prefer short grass plains in fynbos areas.

Distribution

Once considered to be the rarest antelope in the world but careful conservation has ensured its survival. Only found in protected areas in South Africa.

Diet - Herbivores

Grazers, Bontebok feed on short grasses.

Socialisation

Males have small territories, possibly occupied for life. Females wander the territories in groups of +/- 3. Also found in large herds containing young animals of both sexes.

Reproduction

Females become sexually mature at about 2 years of age. Males compete for females through postural displays and ritualistic sparring with the horns.

Gestation

7 months

Life Expectancy

17 years

Predators

  • Caracals
  • Jackals
  • Lions
!

Bontebok Conservation Status

  • Least Concern
  • Listed as Least Concern by the IUCN as the species is reasonably abundant in formal conservation areas and on private land.

South Africa's Big Five

Did you know?

Bontebok is found nowhere else in the world, being endemic to South Africa’s Cape fynbos.

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