Northern Cape Tourist AttractionsThe Eye of Kuruman
Where? Kuruman, Northern Cape, South Africa
How? Call +27 (0)53 712-1352
The Eye of Kuruman is a spectacular natural phenomenon that is nestled in the Northern Cape Province of South Africa. It is the largest natural fountain in the Southern Hemisphere, delivering an astounding 20 to 30 million litres of fresh water every day. This water is cool and clear, and is essential to the survival of the plants, animals and people in the area as it is the main source of potable water for these ones. It feed the Kuruman River and flows into two long irrigation canals.
The Eye was discovered in 1801, when an expedition called Truter Somerville was being conducted. It was only a little while later that a mission station was established here with the purpose of educating the locals and converting them to Christianity. For this reason, the Eye was known as the Fountain of Christianity for some time, while the local Tswana people dubbed it Gasegonyane (which translates to ‘small calabash with bubbling water’). The Eye was declared a National Monument in 1992 and continues to be historically and naturally relevant.
Although fishing is prohibited, there is an abundance of fish species living in these waters. These include carp, goldfish, barb and blue carper. The pseudocrenilabrus philander is also found here, which is significant as this is an endangered species and a real treat to find. Water lilies float on the surface of the exquisite crystal waters to make the scene even lovelier.
The Eye of Kuruman spring culminates in a lake, which can be found in the centre of the little town. This is not only aesthetically beautiful, but also important as a water source for the homes and businesses in the town. The Eye of Kuruman can be accessed from the Main Street for a small entrance fee.